Deity of Christ

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD. Deuteronomy 6:4

The Old and New Testament identifies the Messiah as the God-Man. This means that while He was one person he had two distinct natures: a divine and human nature, nether of which are separate from one another. Through His divine nature he was always one with the Father. In his human nature there was a three-hour separation as Jesus died on the cross. In His humanity, He cried the famous words, “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?”

In theological circles many scholars appreciate that while God cannot die (otherwise he couldn't be all powerful), he did 'kind of' fully die within the context of our 'life-world'. This concept is called the 'Crucified God’. If Jesus was not fully God then his sacrifice could not have been fully capable in its purpose of paying the price of mankind’s sin. 

Centrality of Christ

Christology is an area of enquiry that deals with the identity of Jesus Christ, most specifically the relationship between his human and divine natures and His pre-existance and oneness with the Father. For example, people who see from the scriptures that Jesus was just a man would have what is called a 'low christological view', while those who believe from reading John’s prologue (for example) that he is God incarnate have a high christological view. The orthodox Anglican and Catholic church all the way through to most charismatic denominations by in large have a high christological view. I.e. that Christ was the Son of God, the face of the Father and God incarnate. 

From the scriptures It is quite difficult to have a low Christological view and a lively, spirited experience to ones faith because the deity of Christ is the conduit for hearing the Father through the activity of the Holy Spirit in our lives. Faith’s with a low Christology for example include followers of Arianism, the Ebionites and in modern times Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons and Christian Science movements to name a few, as a result these faiths are seen as heresy by the orthodox church and modern charismatic and evangelist denominations.

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